Role of Historic Leisure Activity in Starting a Home Exercise Program.

TitleRole of Historic Leisure Activity in Starting a Home Exercise Program.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsBarnes R, Kraft GH, Wadhwani R, Ciol MA, Bombardier CH, Bowen JD
JournalInternational Journal of MS Care

Background: Despite the numerous benefits of exercise, only 25% of Americans are physically active. One obstacle to elevating physical activity levels among sedentary individuals is poor adherence to exercise interventions. Exercise participation in the disabled population is even less, because these populations face additional barriers to exercise. The factors that predict exercise adherence and physical activity participation in the multiple sclerosis (MS) and other disabled populations are not well documented. We hypothesized that historical leisure activity (HLA) would influence exercise levels of MS patients after starting a home exercise program. Design/Methods: Exercise levels in MS patients starting a home exercise program were collected from a 5-year study, The Effects of Exercise on Preserving Function and Participation in MS. To determine HLA, we administered the HLA questionnaire. We assessed any associations between HLA and change in exercise levels after the start of the exercise program. Results: Patients with higher levels of HLA were more likely to report significant exercise change during the exercise program than those with low HLA. Conclusion: Greater HLA levels may afford skills to change exercise behavior, but the observation that no subject maintained increased exercise levels demonstrated that exercise behavior was difficult to change.

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