Long-term outcome of hypnotic-analgesia treatment for chronic pain in persons with disabilities.
|Title||Long-term outcome of hypnotic-analgesia treatment for chronic pain in persons with disabilities.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Jensen MP, Barber J, Hanley MA, Engel JM, Romano JM, Cardenas DD, Kraft GH, Hoffman AJ, Patterson DR|
|Journal||International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis|
|Date Published||2008 Apr|
|Adult, Chronic Disease, Disabled Persons, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Hypnosis, Male, Middle Aged, Pain, Pain Management, Spinal Cord Injuries|
Data from 26 participants in a case series of hypnotic analgesia for chronic pain were examined to determine the long-term effects of hypnosis treatment. Statistically significant decreases in average daily pain intensity, relative to pretreatment values, were observed at posttreatment and at 3- and 9-month follow-up but not at 6- or 12-month follow-up. The percent of participants who reported clinically meaningful decreases in pain were 27%, 19%, 19%, and 23%, at the 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month follow-up points, respectively. Moreover, at 12-months posttreatment, 81% of the sample reported that they still used the self-hypnosis skills learned in treatment. Overall, the results indicate that about 20% of the sample obtained substantial and lasting long-term reductions in average daily pain following hypnosis treatment and that many more continue to use self-hypnosis up to 12 months following treatment.
|Alternate Journal||Int J Clin Exp Hypn|